Laying Tiles, Make A Tile Floor

If you want to achieve a successful result, it must be said that the installation of a tile floor is a work that should be done by persons that have a full knowledge of laying tiles.

lying tiles


A tile is a manufactured material such as ceramic, stone, marble, onyx, granite and an endless number of other materials. Tiles are used to cover floors, walls, roofs, terraces and are one of the house’s component that makes your home unique and special.

The technique of laying tiles requires years of professional experience and a good knowledge of the basics of carpentry and materials, but with patience, a little care and following the easy instructions given here, everyone could get good results. In fact, also this work could be considered an activity suitable for DIY lovers.

First you must calculate the size of the floor that you are going to cover, regardless of the joints and the cuts necessary. In this step it is not essential to take an accurate measurement while is enough to have an approximate idea of the quantity of tiles that will be necessary to do the work.

making a tile floor

It is also good habit to take into consideration that

  • with a floor of square tiles, jointed straight, you must add 5%
  • with joints staggered square, you must add 10% to the total area
  • with oblique joints you must add 15%.

Just to get an idea of the quantity of the materials needed, it is good to know that for the mortar, for 10 square feet you need 5.5 lbs of cement and 15 to 17 lbs of fine sand.

There are two ways of laying tiles:

  1. the laying sealed: it means when you want to lay a tile floor on a clean and level cement surface
  2. the glued installed: when you have an existing floor on which you want to place on top the new tiles.


To streamline the work and save on the cutting of the tiles (which is money saving too) you sketch out two perpendicular lines AB and CD that depart from the middle of the side walls and pass through the center of the room.

Then flush with the plaster cast must draw a line XY parallel to the center line AB (see fig. 1) at a distance of about one inch from the wall opposite the front door of the room.

The work must always begin by placing the first tile in the center of the room heading toward the wall opposite the door (fig. 2).

how laying tiles


Then you start to have a row of tiles along the line XY pinstripe starting from the middle of the side and going towards the side walls.

It is always necessary maintain the same distance beetwen tiles by using the appropriate spacers (crosses).


  1. to soak into the water each tile before laying it down
  2. moisten the base of the concrete before placing the tile on it

Spread with a trowel the quantity of mortar enough for 2 rows of tiles (thickness approx. 3/16”) or, if you are placing tiles over an existing floor of tiles, it is better to use a specific glue (for laying gtiles) and spread it with the notched trowel.

Place the tiles well spaced through the ‘crosses’ and gentle tap with the wooden handle of a hammer or with a rubber mallet.

Wait at least 12 hours then brush again the joints with a mixture of cement, lime and fine sand (in the following proportions 1/3, 1/3, 1/3) duly diluted in water, or, if you prefer, with a mixture of cement and water only, or still other products present on the market.

No matter what you use, you can always add a colorant according to the tiles color.

It is necessary to stretch well the dough to fill completely the joints, then, after fifteen minutes, the whole floor must be sprinkled with sawdust that will be later gently removed with a broom and slightly with a damp sponge. After 1 hour the floor may be wiped out with a dry cloth.




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